Scientific America has published its annual report on new technologies. This is a list of “breakthrough solutions” which are capable of “changing the world.” To be named here, a technology must attract investors and breakthroughs shortly, but has not yet been widely adopted.Here are some of the pioneering technologies on the list – and the companies that are with them.
1. Biopsy Is Not Invasive
Cancer biopsy, the process that requires removal of the suspicious film containing cancer cells, can be painful and complex. Analysis of results also takes a lot of time and sometimes, it is impossible to reach the tumor.
The liquid biopsy may be the solution to this problem. Moving through the bloodstream – a genetic material that moves from the tumor into the bloodstream – this technique can detect the presence of cancer and help doctors make decisions. It can also detect mutation signs and indicate when stronger treatments are needed.
Grail, split from Illumina’s human science company earlier this year, has received $ 1 billion in investment from investors including Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos. The company is currently working to develop blood tests that can detect cancer at the earliest stages.
2. Exact Cultivation
Farming is not an “incorrect” science. Thanks to artificial intelligence, GPS, and analytical software, farmers can now be more accurate in managing their harvest.
As a result, agriculture becomes more efficient, and this is particularly important where resources or climate are not favorable for farming.
Agricultural companies such as Aerofarms, Green Spirit Farms, and Urban Produce all closely analyze their crops using these tools to maximize yields and flavors. Blue River Technology and some other companies use artificial vision to reduce wasted fertilizers by up to 90%.
3. Sustainable Community Design
Creating sustainable housing is not only good for the environment – it’s also a new and prosperous business that allows companies and people to reduce energy costs.
Sidewalk Labs (a subsidiary of Google) is looking for a place to conduct a large-scale feasibility study to use a residential area to show the future of a city, creating the basis infrastructure for self-steering electric cars and sustainable energy sources (wind and solar). Last year, Denver and Detroit were considered the top choices for this project.
4. Deep Learning For Visual Work
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been extremely successful in identifying images in a wide variety of applications. Google’s image recognition software is now the basis for a new platform called PlaNet, which predicts where the image is taken based on signs such as signage, features, and trees around.
Earlier this year, Stanford researchers said they had trained AI to identify skin cancer with an accuracy of up to 90% – higher than dermatologists.
5. Get Clean Water From The Air
How is it if moisture can be removed from the air, even in arid regions? A team of researchers at the University of California-Berkeley and M.I.T are developing systems to do this.
They customize the crystals called organic frames so that they have more holes; more water can be absorbed and placed in a water container.
Arizona-based Zero Mass Water collects water differently. They have created a system that uses solar energy to push air through a material that absorbs moisture.
One unit of solar panels (costing about $ 3,700) can produce between 2 and 5 liters of water a day. The company has installed systems in the southwestern United States as well as in Jordan, Dubai, and Mexico. They also recently sent energy panels to Lebanon to provide water for Syrian refugees.